Mark Carpenter, Owyhee Irrigation District
At this station, the kids were able to learn how
to siphon water for irrigation using many different sized of siphon tubes. It
isn't as easy as it looks, but most of the
kids got the hang of it after just a few tries. The area below the
Owyhee Dam is a desert. In this area water is sparse and very
important. Careful water use
is important to this area, so this precious commodity is not wasted.
Irrigation Equipment and Methods
"Bubble Up" on Turbulent Fountains
In a bubble up turbulent
fountain the water bubbles up and goes down a screen. This screen
catches the trash, weeds and seeds. By removing the trash, the screen
protects siphon tubes and gates in gated pipes from getting plugged,
helping to keep irrigation even.
Gated Pipes Gated pipes are irrigation pipe with little sliding doors on them, which regulate flow of water in the field.
Drip Tape and Drip IrrigationDrip tape is used in the fields,
buried 2-4 inches deep. The water goes right into the soil and saves
water it from water loss due to evaporation or other reasons. The water
tiny little passages to drip out through small holes in the tape,
applying just the right amount of water the plant needs.
Drip irrigation is important for onion production.
For more on drip irrigation, Click Here
For more on how drip irrigation affects onion production, Click Here
Siphon TubesSiphon tubes are used in gravity irrigation
systems. The tubes are set out of concrete ditches. Pressure pulls the
water out of the canal/ditch and the water runs down the corrugate.
"The Big Gun" and Center Pivot IrrigationThe "End Gun" or
"Big Gun" is normally used on the end of a central pivot system. This
one sprinkler can add about 8-10 acres the total area of ground covered
by a central pivot system.
The Owyhee Watershed Council's educational activities are supported by
Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board.
Want to Learn More
About Irrigation? Visit:
How Much Water
Crop Plants Use
How to Measure Soil Water
How to Manage
Short Supplies of Water
For further information please